It appears that still quite some confusion exists about the LFA. Therefore I post this clarification here.
The LFA method (Logical Framework Analysis) is the fundamental tool of Project Cycle Management (PCM) and Results-Based Management (RBM).
LFA is step-by-step procedure applying specific techniques in a participatory workshop setting for gathering a thorough picture of a problematic situation as perceived from different perspectives (stakeholders). We call that picture the ‘ANCHOR’ of the project, which will reflect the RELEVANCE of a possible intervention addressing those problems.
Dealing with relevant issues will create ownership among stakeholders and the LFA procedure is geared to assure a better focus on beneficiaries and realistic and measurable result-oriented objectives, which facilitates quick decision-making, transparency of proposals and reporting, and easier management, monitoring and evaluation during the implementation of projects and programmes.
The key strength of the LFA is that when WELL FACILITATED it enables effective communication among stakeholders in a structured way, thereby stimulating the contributions from each end-users and stakeholder.
Visualization techniques are used to anchor the issues discussed and decisions made.
The Logical Framework MATRIX, offers a framework within which alterations can be made depending on the type of project or programme, the phase in the project cycle and the complexity of the issues to be resolved between the stakeholders.
The LFA PROCESS provides information on:
1 = WHO (for who and by whom: end-users & implementing & supporting public and private institutions and organisations),
2 = WHY (which problems in which context – ‘RELEVANCE’),
3 = WHAT and WHAT NOT …. (will be done and achieved under which assumptions – ‘FEASIBILITY’) in the form of a MATRIX and
4 = HOW (will the implementing agencies organize the implementation: Capacity Building – ‘SUSTAINABILITY’) in the form of a (different) MATRIX.
Project Proposals and Reports should be structured along the lines of these 4 categories.
LFA is an Analysis and Planning instrument or procedure to generate clarity, information and commitment among stakeholders and which takes place ‘in the field’, while PCM and RBM are a Quality Assurance management system to instruct and check whether such clarity, information and commitment is available in the different phases of the project cycle and which takes place ‘in the office of an organization or donor managing several projects’.
If you like to learn the ‘ins’ and ‘outs’ of this approach do join one of our trainings ….
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